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Spiritually multidimensional therapy: Explanation possibility of psychological phenomena (healthy and disorders) with spiritual constructs of personality based on religious resources. CPAP. 2016;
URL: http://cpap.shahed.ac.ir/article-1-1314-en.html

Abstract:   (233 Views)

Abstract

The basic assumptions of psychotherapy are based on their anthropologic perspective in various schools. This article aims at explanation of the possibility of the relation between psycho-spiritual constructs and mental health or disorders in spiritually multidimensional therapy (SMT).

This study obtained its data from analysis of religious texts related to Quran and traditions (Hadiths) derived from valid sources, interviews and discussions with religious experts and theoretical texts of conventional psychotherapy.

Results show theoretical constructs of schools of psychotherapy that are determined as the basis of the treatment principles, despite the weak empirical background, ignore the spiritual dimension. But most of them consider cognitive mechanisms as the center of explanations of psychological phenomena. The cognitive-spiritual constructs especially God-oriented wisdom in religious texts are appropriate bases for psychological explanations. Analysis of religious texts demonstrated there is a possibility to explain psychological phenomena based on revealed sources. Human being was created with the primary and essential equilibrium and he/she has strong and complex evaluation system (cognitive, emotional, perceptual, and spiritual) guiding him /her for passing healthy life and managing of psycho-spiritual disorder. The core of this system is wisdom (God-oriented wisdom) that its diagnosis is organized into the cognitive-emotional construct called heart and it is balanced and confirmed with other natural and perceptual construct (chest). These three subsystems manage psychological functions. The mechanism of health; preservation of balance and pureness, self-caring and self-regulation is based on spiritual evaluation system or activation of spiritual aspect. The most important symptom of mental health and the activity of spiritual aspect is integrity of psychological system with regard to concepts of “the light” and “mention of the most merciful”.  The mechanism of pathology is experience and maintenance actions incompatible with the psychological system (with symptoms of aggression, sadness, fear and guilt) to cover and decorate or adorn (such as psychological defenses) action and its fundamental sign is desperation in reaching the targets of interest. These explanations often include today psychological explanations, as well.

Taking into account the spiritual dimension can be explained by psycho-spiritual health and disorder as well as principle of psychotherapy based on fundamental constructs in Quran anthropology.  

Therefore, we can consider alternative constructions for psychological treatments. It has been used in the spiritually multidimensional therapy in the experimental field.

     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

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