گام های عملی طراحی بسته های درمانی، مداخله ای و آموزشی در پژوهش های روان شناختی: رویکرد نقشه نگاری مداخله

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش ‏آموخته دکتری تخصصی روان‏شناسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روان‏شناسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه روان‏شناسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

4 استاد گروه روان‏شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

10.22070/cpap.2022.16313.1235

چکیده

رویکرد نقشه­نگاری مداخله یک رویکرد منظم برای طراحی و تدوین مداخلات مبتنی بر نظریه در زمینه­ها و گستره­های مختلف است. این رویکرد در قالب شش گام به صورت منظم و دقیق مسیر تدوین مداخله را از تشخیص یک نیاز یا مشکل تا شناسایی و آزمایش راه­حل­های بالقوه و ارزیابی اثربخشی آن مشخص می­کند. فعالیت­های مشخص شده در هر گام مبنایی منطقی و مفهومی برای چگونگی تأثیر بر تغییر رفتار و شرایط را برای ارتقای سلامت، پیشگیری یا بهبود یک مسئله ارائه می­دهند. بنابراین؛ پژوهشگران، سازندگان و مجریان یک مداخله می­توانند چگونگی موفقیت یا شکست یک مداخله را توضیح دهند و تبیین کنند. استفاده از رویکرد نقشه­نگاری مداخله امکان موفقیت و رسیدن یک مداخله به هدف خود را افزایش می­دهد. این رویکرد برای هر مداخله­ای با هدف تغییر رفتار کاربرد دارد. هدف مطالعه حاضر بررسی دقیق این رویکرد و گام­های آن برای طراحی مداخلات روان­شناختی است که در صورت استفاده صحیح از آن، می­توان مداخلات اثربخش را تدوین و اجرا کرد.

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