اثربخشی آموزش مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد برباورهای انگیزشی و افق زمانی دانشجویان دارای رفتارهای خودشکن تحصیلی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 دانشگاه دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

مقدمه: پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی آموزش مبتنی بر رویکرد پذیرش و تعهد بر باورهای انگیزشی و افق زمانی دانشجویان دارای رفتارهای خودشکن تحصیلی دانشگاه ولی‌عصر رفسنجان انجام گرفته است.
روش: پژوهش به روش نیمه‌آزمایشی و با طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس آزمون با گروه کنترل اجرا شد. جامعه آماری شامل دانشجویان مقطع کارشناسی دانشگاه ولی‌عصر رفسنجان در سال تحصیلی 96-95 بودند، نمونه شامل 40 نفر از دانشجویان دارای رفتارهای خودشکن تحصیلی بود که به شیوه نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش (20 نفر) و کنترل (20 نفر) گنجانده شدند. گروه آزمایشی به مدت 8 هفته و هر هفته یک جلسه گروهی دو ساعته تحت آموزش قرار گرفتند. گروه کنترل در طول این مدت هیچ آموزشی را دریافت نکردند.  آزمودنی‌ها توسط مقیاس‌های شناخت و رفتار خودشکن کانینگهام (2007)، راهبردهای انگیزشی برای یادگیری پنتریچ و دی گروت (1990) و چشم‌انداز زمان زیمبادرو (1999) قبل و بعد از آموزش و پس از اتمام مرحله پیگیری سه ماهه مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. تحلیل داده‌های پژوهش به کمک نرم‌افزار آماری «اس. پی. اس. اس. 22» و به دلیل رعایت نشدن مفروضه همگنی واریانس کوواریانس از آزمون تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری با اندازه گیری مکرر و با تصحیح گرین - هاوس استفاده شد.
نتایج: یافته‌های مربوط به آزمون‌های تجزیه و تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری مکرر نشان داد که تفاوت معناداری بین گروه آزمایش و کنترل در مرحله پس‌آزمون و پیگیری وجود دارد. همچنین نتایج نشان داد آموزش مبتنی بر رویکرد پذیرش و تعهد بر کاهش رفتارهای خودشکن تحصیلی و متعاقباً بر باورهای انگیزشی و افق زمانی دانشجویان دارای رفتارهای خودشکن تحصیلی  اثربخش بوده است.
بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج نشان داد که آموزش پذیرش و تعهد  منجر به کاهش رفتارهای خودشکن تحصیلی، کاهش اضطراب امتحان،افزایش خودکارآمدی و انگیزه درونی و همچنین افزایش اهمیت نسبت به دیدگاه‌های زمانی آینده هدفمند در دانشجویان دارای رفتارهای خودشکن می شود.

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