ضروریات طراحی و رواسازی مقیاس‌های روانشناختی: راهنمایی برای پژوهشگران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 دانشگاه شاهد

چکیده

مقیاس‌سازی فعالیتی رایج در پژوهش‌های علوم روانشناختی و رفتاری است، اما بسیاری از مقیاس‌های ساخته‌شده نارسا، نادقیق، کم‌مایه و پایه و به‌ندرت میان‌مایه و مطلوب‌اند. طرح‌اندازی یک مقیاس نو، رواسازی و اعتباریابی آن، نه تنها به دوراز پیچ وخم نیست، که  فعالیتی ناهموار و نامانوس است که نیازمند دقت و ریزبینی است. بنابراین هدف ازاین مقاله، بررسی گام‌های ضروری و گاه غایب در مقیاس‌سازی‌های کنونی و به‌ویژه برای نوپژوهشگران است. دراین مقاله بنیان‌های نظری و گام‌های عملی توامان مورد نظر بوده‌اند و از کوته‌نگری نظری و وانهادگی عملی دوری شده است.

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