نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، واحد تهران مرکز دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
2 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
3 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور ، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Globally, stress is a well-recognized feature of the life of undergraduate students. However, there currently is little evidence to suggest what role resilience plays in this issue. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the resilience education program on negative automatic thoughts and cognitive coping strategies among university students.
Method: In this quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest nonequivalent-group design in a company with a follow-up stage, 30 university students within experimental and control groups responded to the Negative Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (Hollon & Kendall, 1980) and the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (Garnefski, Kraaij & Spinhoven, 2001). The experimental group received 10 resilience training sessions (1 hour a session).
Result: The results of statistical procedures of multivariate and univariate covariance analysis indicated that the resilience education program was effective in increasing adaptive coping strategies consisting of acceptance, positive reappraisal, positive refocusing, refocus on planning and putting into perspective, and in decreasing negative automatic thoughts and non-adaptive coping strategies consists of self-blame, other-blame, rumination, and catastrophizing in short term and long term.
Discussion and conclusion: These findings suggest that resilience training program by increasing positive thinking strategies, adaptive emotional management skills, and interpersonal relationships skills enrichment could result in mental immunization in students